Glossary of Marquee Tent Related Terminology


A

Accessory
An optional item or add-on not required for installation. Examples: Sidewalls, lighting, flooring, or flags.

Alligator Clip
Also known as Thumb Buckles, alligator clips are a tensioning device used to tighten perimeter webbing straps on Classic Series frame tent systems.

Anchor
Method to secure a tent, canopy, shelter, or structure to the ground. Examples: Stake, Concrete Anchor, Deadweight or Water Barrel.

Anodized Aluminum
Aluminum Components, Poles or Tubing treated to form a hard, protective coating to improve outdoor performance.

Anti-Sink Plate
Wood or steel base plate that is positioned on the ground to displace the downward force of center poles and side poles. Commonly used on pole tents and tension tents to reduce the risk of poles from sinking in to the installation surface.

Area
The covered surface under the perimeter of the tent, canopy, structure, or shelter. Additional space for stakes, anchors, and guy lines may be required. See Footprint.


B

Backdrop
A sheet of fabric material designed to hang from the eave of the tent and commonly used only on one side.

Blockout Fabric
Blockout or blackout fabric is opaque, which does not allow the majority of light to pass through. Blockout is the opposite of a translucent fabric. Interior lighting may be required when a tent or shelter is fully enclosed with sidewalls made out of blockout fabric. Blockout fabrics are recommended for all tents, canopies, shelters, and fabric structures.



Box Ratchet
Mechanical tensioning device used in guy lines to secure a tent, canopy, shelter, or structure to the ground. Similar to a ratchet buckle assembly, box ratchets are the replacement for old fashioned rope tie-down methods. Watch this video for more information: Tent Basics - How to Operate a Box Ratchet


C

Canopy
Also called a party canopy, a small light-duty tent, usually without sidewalls. Canopies are typically one-piece tops, and are therefore not expandable. Designed to shelter against the sun or light rain.

Center Pole
The pole that the fabric rests on and is supported by. Center mast poles run vertically from the ground to the peak of the tent and require interior floor space. For ease of handling and transportation, center poles generally telescope or disassemble into 2 or 3 pieces.

Class
Type of structure or framework that supports the fabric. Celina tents, canopies, marquees, shelters, and fabric structures can be classified into 6 categories:

 



Tent Class Tent Class Description
Cross Cable Rigid framework perimeter utilizing steel cables to support a center pole or 'flying mast' (no center poles or obstructions that touch the ground in the center of the tent). Also known as a "frame & cable"
Series / Brand: Pinnacle Series Hexagon High Peak Frame Tent, Pinnacle Series High Peak Frame Tent
Frame Freestanding or internal framework supporting the fabric (no center poles or obstructions).
Series / Brand:
Classic Series Frame Tents, Master Series Frame Tent, Master Series High Peak Frame Tent, Classic Series Gable Frame Tent, Bexley Series Frame Canopy, HGPTS - Humanitarian General Purpose Tent System
Pole Internal center poles and perimeter eave poles supporting the fabric. Requires stakes and/or anchors around the perimeter for tensioning. (Center poles require interior floor space)
Series / Brand: Classic Series Pole Tents, Presto Series Pole Canopy, Premiere I Series High Peak Pole Tent, Premiere II Series Engineered High Peak Pole Tent, TP Series Tent
Pop Up Accordion style internal framework supporting the fabric (no center poles or obstructions)
Series / Brand: Athens Utility Shelter, Fast Shade Pop Up Canopy, Pronto Pop Up Canopy

 

Cold Crack
Cracking or fracturing caused by long exposure to extreme cold. When vinyl reaches the temperature where it will lose its pliability, folding the PVC film can cause the vinyl to flake off and expose the scrim. To reduce the effects of cold crack, tension the fabric evenly to eliminate unnecessary movement. Cold Crack should not be confused with Wind Whip, even though the damage to the fabric looks similar.

Complete Tent
A tent that has all of the necessary components to be fully installed per Celina Tent's recommendation. The necessary components are listed in the tent's product manual. A complete tent does not include sidewalls. For more information, see Tent Accessories and Tent Parts or Component.

Component
An individual (or replacement) item required for proper installation. Examples: Side pole, frame fitting, tent anchor, or fabric mid-section. For non-essential items see Accessory.

Custom Printing
Most fabric products can be custom printed with graphics such as text, logos, or images. Printing is integrated into Celina's manufacturing process and is therefore not a stock item. Generally production lead times range from 4 days to 3 weeks after customer artwork is approved.


D

Drop Cloth
Also called a ground tarp, a protective sheet of fabric used to reduce damage and dirt to the tent top fabric during the installation and removal process. Drop cloths keep fabrics clean and reduce the risk of pin holes, scuffs, and abrasions. For more information on drop cloths and scrim mold watch the following videos:

Drop Cloths / Ground Cloths. Why use drop cloths for tents? What is scrim mold?

Tent Basics - How to Use a Drop Cloth When Installing Sidewalls


E

Ease of Setup
Complexity of installing a tent, canopy, or shelter system. Variables such as tools, equipment, installation site terrain, experience, weather, and the amount of people available will greatly impact the Ease of Setup.

Eave
The location where the valance meets the fabric roof. For frame tents the eave is the perimeter spreader tubing location. On a pole tent the eave is the height of the side pole. For more information, see Eave Height.

Eave Height
The vertical dimension from the ground to the top of the valance. Eave heights are determined by the length/height of the side pole or leg. The eave and peak heights directly correlate to one another; if the eave height changes so must the peak height by the same amount. The pole pin is not included in the eave height measurement. Eave heights will vary between tent styles and brands.

ECU Duct
Environment Control Unit. Duct openings to receive HVAC supply and return air. Standard option on Tactical and Humanitarian shelter systems.

EFT Duct
Electrical Feed Through. Duct opening(s) to receive electrical and communication lines. Standard option on Tactical and Humanitarian shelter systems.

End Section
Also End, a term used to describe the fabric portion of an expandable tent's lace end or grommet end. The plural term 'Ends' is used to describe a complete set or a pair consisting of 1 grommet end and 1 lace end.

Engineered Tent
Tents engineered to meet the requirements ASCE 7-05, IBC 2006, and/or IFC 2006 and withstand 90 mph, 3 second wind gust, exposure "C" including dead load, pre-stress, and 3 pounds per square foot (psf) uniform gravity load. Engineered tents are well suited for very large tent sizes and/or long-term installations. Please note that the engineered tent design is rated and stamped by a professional engineer, but the engineering stops at the staking or anchoring locations. This means it is the end user's or installer's responsibility to ensure proper staking methods are used for the appropriate soil conditions.

Expandable
The ability of a tent or shelter system to be lengthened or shortened by adding or removing fabric sections and hardware components. Expandable tent or shelter systems can be built to any desirable length. Fabric sections are joined together using methods such as grommet & lace lines or Keder track.


F

Fabric Material
The predominate material used to construct the fabric portion of a tent, canopy, structure, or shelter. Commonly used fabric materials to construct canopies, tents, and shelters are PVC Coated Polyester / Vinyl (Fabric) and Polyester.

Fitting
The hardware connector that joins with tubing to create a frame tent's framework. Also known as a frame tent fitting, connectors, and spiders. For more information on the types of frame tent fittings, watch these videos:
Frame Tent Fittings - West Coast Style

Flame Certificate
Documentation that the material used to manufacture a tent, canopy, shelter, fabric structure, sidewall, or fabric accessory is nonflammable or flame resistant. Flame Resistant Certificates may be required by local fire and/or building inspectors prior to installation. See Flame Resistance Certificates .

Flame Resistant
Flame resistant means nonflammable; it does NOT mean fire proof. The fabric will burn if left in continuous contact with an open flame. Open flames should never be used under any tent, canopy, structure, or shelter. Celina fabrics are inherently flame resistant or meet a fire rating. Fabrics meet or exceed one or more of the following flammability specifications:

NFPA-701 CPAI-84 ASTM D 6413
BS 5438 BS 7837 (1996) DIN 4102-B1

Flange
A 3 piece metal hardware used to secure fabric sections together at the center pole location(s). Created with 2 common floor flanges and a pipe nipple, the device allows for easy installation of pole pins during installation.

Footprint
The total space required for finished installation of a tent, canopy, structure, or shelter including stakes, anchors, and guy lines. Additional space may be required for layout and setup. See Area.

Frame / Pole Material
Material type of the structure system that supports the fabric. Frames are constructed with 'tubes' or 'tubing' whereas pole tents are assembled with 'poles'. Example material types: Anodized Aluminum, Galvanized Steel, and Fiberglass Reinforced Pipe (FRP).

Frame Fasteners
The method used to secure a frame tent fitting to the frame tubing. Fastener Types consist of 'R' Pins, Pin & Bails, and bolts/nuts.
See Video: R Pin vs. Pin & Bail - Frame Tent Fasteners

Frame Tent
A tent with an assembled framework made of aluminum or steel tubing that supports the fabric roof and defines the shape of the structure.


G

Galvanized Steel
Steel Components, Poles or Tubing that has a protective coating of zinc to prevent rusting. Steel, even galvanized steel, is prone to rust, and therefore items should be covered when not in use to prevent or minimize rust formation.

Gang Staking
The method of connecting multiple stakes with stake plates to create one anchoring point. Also known as cluster staking. For more information, watch these videos:
Stake Pull Demonstration (10/15) V Bar Staking
Stake Pull Demonstration (11/15) Three Hole Bar Staking
Stake Pull Demonstration (12/15) Five or Six Hole Bar Staking

General Purpose Shelters
See Humanitarian Tent.

Grommet
A reinforcement ring inserted into a hole through the fabric material. They are used to prevent tearing or abrasion of the material. Grommets are used on sidewalls, pole tents at all pole locations and on grommet lines used to lace sectional tents together. A small grommet may also be referred to as an eyelet.

Grommet End
Fabric unit of a tent containing an eyelet / grommet line, that when combined with other units create a sectional tent top. Grommet lines mate with lace loops.

Guy Line
Rope or ratchet buckle assembly that is attached to the fabric or frame system on one end and attached to a ground anchor system on the opposite end. Guy lines and anchors are set out from the perimeter of the tent, canopy, structure, or shelter, adding to the footprint. See footprint.


H

Hip
The line of the tent roof running from the corner eave location to the peak height or center pole location.

Hip Rafter
A frame tent tubing component that runs from the corner (eave) fitting to the peak / crown fitting.
See Celina West Coast Style Frame Tent - Tubing & Fitting Overview

Humanitarian Tent / Shelter
Humanitarian or disaster relief tents are non-tactical shelters designed to offer an economical solution for humanitarian aid in the event of a natural disaster or conflict. General purposes include: Medical facilities, billeting, field services, and storage. Also known as General Purpose Shelters.


I

Individuals Required for Setup
Recommended minimum number of people required to install the system. Installation and safety equipment is recommended where applicable. Variables such as tools, equipment, installation site terrain, experience, weather, and the amount of people available will greatly impact the number of Individuals Required for Setup.


J

Jump Rope
A flexible device that fastens the tent top to the side pole and center pole to prevent it from disconnecting or 'jumping' from the tent. Primarily used on pole tents.


K

Keder
A flexible cord wrapped in a woven polyester fabric that allows fabric panels to be pulled through and secured in an aluminum extrusion, creating a seam to join multiple fabric sections together. Keder is an alternative to the traditional lace line. Keder can be used on sidewalls as well as fabric tops.

Keder Tubing
Lengths of Anodized Aluminum extruded to form channels or 'Keder track' to receive fabric panels finished with Keder. Used at tent seam locations to join multiple fabric sections together.


L

Lace End
Fabric unit of a tent containing webbing or lace loops, that when combined with other units create a sectional tent top. Lace loops mate with grommet lines.

Lace Line
The reinforcement at the edge of the fabric section that is used to lace two tent sections together. A lace line is formed by 2 parts: Grommet Section + Lace Section = Lace Line. When combined, a grommet section and a lace section joint is known as a 'Lace Line'. For more information on lacing a tent, watch these videos:
Sectional Tent Lacing - How to tie off and finish a lace line
Sectional Tent Lacing Tip / Dropped Lace Loop
Sectional Tent Lacing - Lace line inspection procedure for new tent installers

Length
The measurement of the tent, canopy, structure, or shelter from end to end. Generally this is the 'long side' or the side that is expandable to any desired length. See width.

Longest Component
The longest tube / pole component required to install the tent, canopy, structure, or shelter. The length value will help determine the size of truck and/or trailer that is required to transport the complete system.

Length Guidelines:

Component Length Transportation Requirements
Under 5'6" / 1.68m May fit into a smaller vehicle or large trunk
Under 8' / 2.44m Will fit into a standard pickup truck with an 8' bed
Under 10' / 3.05m Requires a 10' truck or trailer
Under 14'4" / 4.40m Requires a 15' truck or trailer
Under 22' / 6.70m Requires a 22' truck or trailer
Over 22' / 6.70m Requires larger than a 22' truck or trailer

M

Marquee
A long and narrow tent without sides used for sheltering walkways or defining an entry to a tent, building, or house.

Mesh / Screen
Is a vinyl coated polyester mesh that is breathable, lightweight, strong and smooth. A remarkably versatility fabric, typical screened mesh uses include printed sidewalls, covers, windscreens, gym divider curtains, underwater and sport bags, safety vests, banners, fencing, standard tent sidewalls and covers.

Mid / Middle Section
A tent or shelter's center fabric unit containing both webbing and lace loops or eyelet / grommet lines at opposite edges. Mid sections are combined with other units to create a sectional tent, and are used to expand a tent to any imaginable length.

Mold and Mildew Resistant
The ability of the fabric to resist mold and mildew growth on its surface. Nonetheless, precautions must be taken to always store fabric that is in a clean and dry condition. It is recommended that a drop cloth is used during all canopy, tent, marquee, and shelter installation and strike procedures. For internal mold and mildew, see scrim mold.
Drop Cloths / Ground Cloths. Why use drop cloths for tents? What is scrim mold?


N

NSN
National Stock Number or NATO Stock Number is a 13 digit numeric coded identifying all the 'standardized material items of supply' to the US Department of Defense and other NATO countries. Celina manufactures numerous fabric products that are stock-listed / have NSNs. Example NSN: 8340-01-535-6379


O

Occupancy / Seating Capacity
The number of people who can occupy or be seated in or under a tent, canopy, structure, or shelter. The seating capacity will vary by seating arrangement, such as buffet dinner, sit down dinner, or cathedral / row seating. Click Here to view Occupancy / Seating Capacity Chart.

One (1) Piece Tent Top
A fabric cover manufactured to a specific size. The tent or canopy top cannot be expanded or reduced in length. See length.

1 Piece vs Sectional Tent Top

Opaque
Does not allow light to pass; not translucent. Standard PVC fabric is opaque or blockout. See also Blockout Fabric.



Overall Height
The overall height is the distance between the base and the highest exterior point of a fully installed tent. For pole tents, the pole pin is included in the Overall Height measurement.


P

PAR Lighting
Parabolic Aluminized Reflector light. A directional lighting instrument whose beam spreads from a very narrow spot to a wide flood. PAR lights are commonly used for commercial, event, and hospitality applications.

Peak Height
The Standard Peak Height is the very highest vertical point of the fabric from the ground. The Peak Height may also be defined as the Ridge Height or Apex. The eave and peak heights directly correlate to one another; if the eave height changes so must the peak height by the same amount. For pole tents, the pole pin is not included in the peak height measurement.

Pin Hole
A small puncture or abrasion that penetrates through a single or multiple PVC layers. Pin holes may cause fabric discoloration due to scrim mold in translucent fabrics or allow excess light to pass through the fabric in blockout fabrics creating the appearance of 'stars in the night sky'. Pin holes can be repaired using Pin Hole Patch by Celina.

Pitch (Roof Pitch)
The degree of slope in the tent roof, measured by the vertical distance between the tent eave and the peak height of the tent roof. This term differs from the term 'Pitch' used in the construction and building industries. The PITCH of a tent, canopy, or shelter can be calculated by subtracting the SIDE pole height from the CENTER pole height.

Pitch a Tent (Installation)
The setup or construction process of installing a tent or canopy. The term specifically refers to a pole supported tent, however is commonly used for all types of tents and canopies. The opposite of striking a tent.

Pole Pin
The rod attached to the top of a side pole, center pole, and quarter pole that is inserted through the grommet of pole tent tops.

Pole Tent / Push Pole Tent
A tent with a set of individual poles arranged beneath the fabric roof to support and define the shape of the structure. The fabric roof is tensioned over the poles and attached to ropes and/or webbing at designated locations around the fabric's edge. The ropes and/or webbing are tensioned to the ground using stakes, anchors, or augers around the perimeter of the tent.

Pole
The structural member used to support the fabric of a pole tent or tension tent. There are 3 standard types of poles: Side Poles, Center Poles, and Quarter Poles. Poles are not used for frame tents. For frame tents, see Tube / Tubing.

Polyester (Fabric)
Woven polyester is the standard fabric material used to construct smaller tents, canopies, table covers, tradeshow backdrops, and flags that are printed using a high definition dye sublimation process. All woven polyester fabrics from Celina meet fire ratings, so they are approved for interior and outdoor applications.

PVC Coated Polyester / Vinyl (Fabric)
The standard fabric material used to construct tents, shelters, canopies, and structures. PVC laminated material weight ranges from 10oz, 14oz, 16oz and 18oz. All PVC coated polyester reinforced vinyl from Celina meet fire ratings, so they are approved for interior and outdoor applications. Celina's PVC fabrics are also made using mildew resistant and UV blocking additives. See also Blockout Fabric.




Q

Quarter Pole
Upright post that supports a tension tent top, located halfway between the side pole(s) and the center pole(s). 2 quarter poles combined with one center pole typically divides the tent top in to 'quarters'. Quarter poles are commonly used on 60' wide and 80' wide Classic Series Pole Tents.

Quonset Hut
Truss Arch Fabric Shelter.


R

Rafter
A frame tent tubing component that runs from a side tee (eave) fitting to the peak / crown fitting.
See Celina West Coast Style Frame Tent - Tubing & Fitting Overview

Rail Skirt / Rail Curtain
Divider / half-wall used to create a partition or railing for exhibit booths, tradeshows, gaming booths, etc.

Ratchet Buckle Assembly
Mechanical tensioning device used in guy lines to secure a tent, canopy, shelter, or structure to the ground. Operated by hand, ratchet buckle assemblies are the replacement for old fashioned rope tie downs. A complete ratchet buckle assembly includes a ratchet buckle, webbing, and related hardware.

Rendering
A proof or product image that incorporates the customer's graphic or photo that demonstrates what a custom printed product will look like after production. Renderings are generated by Celina's customer service team and approved by the customer prior to the start of custom printed product production.


S

Scrim
Scrim refers to a coarse woven polyester material used for reinforcement in both laminated PVC vinyl and coated PVC vinyl. The flexible scrim material is then encapsulated in PVC using either a lamination or coating process to create tent, shelter, or banner fabrics. The scrim adds the majority of the strength to the PVC material.

Scrim Mold
Mold or mildew which grows inside the tent, canopy, shelter, or structure fabric. This occurs when moisture penetrates the scrim through small abrasions and/or pin holes in the laminated or coated PVC film layer. Scrim mold will cause discoloration in translucent fabric as light passes through. There is no way to remove scrim discoloration once it has occurred. Scrim mold is visible through translucent fabrics, but not visible through blockout fabrics. Blockout fabrics are recommended for all tents, canopies, shelters, and fabric structures. For more information on scrim mold and drop cloths, watch this video:
Drop Cloths / Ground Cloths. Why use drop cloths for tents? What is scrim mold?

Sectional Tent Top
The fabric portion of a tent consisting of 2 or more fabric units that are combined at lace lines to create a single tent top. Sectional tent tops are expandable and can be lengthened to any desired length by adding mid sections. A standard sectional tent top consists of 2 ends and a mid-section. 1 Piece vs Sectional Tent Top

Series / Brand
Identity assigned to a tent, canopy, structure, or shelter and used to identify the unique characteristics between sizes, styles, and class types.
Celina Series / Brands are as follows:

Classic Series Frame Tent
Classic Series Pole Tent
Fast Shade Pop Up Canopy
Pinnacle Series High Peak Frame Tent
Presto Series Pole Canopy

Sewn Seam
The joint where two or more layers of fabric, webbing, or other materials are held together with stitches. Standard stitches are created with a polyester thread. Sewing creates a strong, mechanical bond; however, the stitching can create an area for moisture to penetrate waterproof fabrics such as PVC, in which case welded seams are preferred.

Shelter
A common term used by the military and other government agencies to describe a tent or structure repurposed to meet specific long term mission needs. Examples of shelter uses are disaster relief, billeting / lodging, work tents, logistics / warehousing / storage, etc.

Side Pole
Perimeter upright post that supports the eave of a pole tent.

Sidewall Rope
A line or rope that runs the perimeter of a tent or canopy, allowing for sidewalls to be attached, enclosing the tent.

Sidewall
A removable sheet of fabric material designed to hang from the eave around the perimeter of the tent, used to block the interior of the tent from the outdoor elements. Sidewalls are available in various types and may not be interchangeable between tent classes. Also known as a tent wall or side curtain, sidewalls can be connected together with side release buckles, zippers, or hook & loop to fully enclose the tent.
Sidewall / Curtain Overview Videos

Site Inspection
Process of reviewing the installation area prior to setup to ensure safety and efficiency. Job site inspections review the following: location, underground obstructions, overhead obstructions, and surface conditions.

Size
Width and Length measurement of the tent, canopy, structure, or shelter. The 'Size' is the area under the fabric and does not account for the total space or larger footprint required for proper staking and anchoring. Staking and anchoring requirements vary by fabric structure type. See area and footprint.

Spreader
A frame tent tubing component that runs horizontally. A spreader tube will join multiple corners, side tees, and crown fittings, or combination thereof.
See Celina West Coast Style Frame Tent - Tubing & Fitting Overview

Squaring / Square a Tent
The process of laying out the perimeter and stake / anchor locations, prior to laying out the tent fabric. This process is also known as a pre-staking.
See Tent Squaring and Pre-Staking Procedure Tutorial

Stake Line
The arrangement of tent stakes around the perimeter of the tent. This term is often used when pre-staking or squaring a tent. Stake Lines may also be referred to as the 'Guy out Point'.

Stake Plate
A flat piece of steel that allows gang staking or cluster staking by connecting multiple stakes to create one anchoring point. Stake plates are commonly used on large tents and in situations where soil conditions are inadequate for solid staking. See also Gang Staking.

Stakes
Rods, spikes, or pins constructed of steel, wood, or plastic that are driven into the ground and used to secure / anchor a tent, canopy, shelter, or structure. The most common stakes sizes are 42" x 1" and 36" x 1" steel stakes. View the Tent Staking Demonstration / Staking Guidelines:
Stake Pull Demonstration (1/15) J Hook
Stake Pull Demonstration (2/15) 15 Short Stake
Stake Pull Demonstration (3/15) 3 1" x 36" Stake
Stake Pull Demonstration (4/15) Half Drive
Stake Pull Demonstration (5/15) Stake Angle
Stake Pull Demonstration (6/15) Size Matters When Selecting Stakes
Stake Pull Demonstration (7/15) Box Ratchet
Stake Pull Demonstration (8/15) Plate Box Ratchet
Stake Pull Demonstration (9/15) Web Stitching / Tent Strap Webbing
Stake Pull Demonstration (10/15) V Bar Staking
Stake Pull Demonstration (11/15) Three Hole Bar Staking
Stake Pull Demonstration (12/15) Five or Six Hole Bar Staking
Stake Pull Demonstration (13/15) Ground Test
Stake Pull Demonstration (14/15) Water Barrels
Stake Pull Demonstration (15/15) Dead Weights / Concrete Blocks

Strike
Also 'Strike Procedure', the process of dismantling, de-installing, removing, and/or tearing-down a canopy, tent, marquee, or structure. The opposite of the setup or installation process.

Structure
A type of tent where an assembled frame work of heavy duty box beams or keder extrusions supports the fabric roof and defines the shape of the structure. Structure may also be referred to as a fabric structure, clear-span or free-span tent.

Style / Shape
The geometric form that defines the look of a tent, canopy, structure, or shelter. The Style / Shape is created by a frame, pole, or pre-tensioned fabric.


T

Tactical Shelter
A mobile, transportable structure designed for a functional requirement to house military personnel and equipment. Tactical military shelters provide an environmentally controllable space for human habitation and use, and/or permanent equipment storage or operation. These shelters are constructed from materials that are impervious to visual light, infrared light, and temperature. Tactical shelters shall be categorized as follows:

  • Rigid Wall Shelters: pre-sized structures (non-expandable and expandable shelters) that are transported by land, sea, or air. These shelters require minimal site preparation and no specialized set-up.
  • Soft Wall Shelters: include air supported and frame supported fabric structures that are transported and then erected or assembled on site.
  • Hybrid Shelters: a combination of rigid and soft wall shelters that are transported and erected or assembled on site.

 

TEMPER Tent
One of the most popular shelter designs fielded by the US Military. TEMPER is an acronym for Tent Expandable Modular PERsonnel.

Template
Used for custom printed products to lay out designs and artwork on a product. A template is a blank file containing product guidelines, form and fit parameters.

Temporary Structure
Any tent or structure that will be in place for less than 180 consecutive days. The definition may vary according to local building and fire codes.

Tent
A temporary structure composed of a covering made of a pliable membrane or fabric and supported by mechanical means such as poles, metal frames, beams, columns, arches, ropes and/or cables. Tents are also commonly referred to as a marquee, canopy, or pavilion.

Tent Package
A complete tent suitable for immediate installation with additional options such as an upgraded pole or frame systems, colored tent top options or a sidewall option to completely enclose the tent.

Tent Top
The fabric portion of the tent, shelter, canopy, or fabric structure. The top can be a '1 piece tent top' or a 'sectional tent top'. The tent top combined with frame tubing, pole kit, and/or stakes will create a complete tent. Top options can include solid white, color & white or full color digital printing.

Translucent Fabric (Translucency)
Translucent fabric allows light to pass through, the opposite of blockout fabric or opaque. A tent or shelter constructed of translucent fabric will allow natural light to come through and may reduce the need for interior lighting when daylight is present.



 

Tube / Tubing
The structural member used to construct the frame work of a frame tent. Common tube lengths are interchangeable between tent sizes. Tubing is available in 4 configurations: Aluminum Single Tube (AST), Aluminum Double Tube (ADT), Galvanized Single Tube (GST), and Keder Single Tube (KST) which is commonly used for legs or uprights for a tent. This tubing is not used for pole tents. For pole tents or tension tents, see Poles.
See Celina West Coast Style Frame Tent - Tubing & Fitting Overview


U

UV Resistant
The ability of the fabric to resist ultra violet (UV) light or sunlight. UV light or sunlight, will cause non-resistant materials and surfaces to fade and/or discolor.


V

Valance
The section of fabric material that hangs from the eave of the tent or canopy top. Valance length and style vary between Celina Tent product brands and styles. Celina's 3 main valance styles are:

  • Scalloped Valance
  • Straight Valance
  • Catenary Curve Valance

 

Vinyl
See PVC Coated Polyester / Vinyl (Fabric).


W

Water Barrels
A drum or container filled with liquid and used as weight to secure a tent system. Water barrels are not a reliable system anchoring any type of tent, canopy, shelter, or structure system and should never to be used. For more information, watch the following videos:
Deadweights and Water Barrels Why to avoid them
Stake Pull Demonstration (14/15) Water Barrels
Stake Pull Demonstration (15/15) Dead Weights / Concrete Blocks

Water Repellent / Water Resistant
Water repellent fabric is designed to shed water, but will soak through and possibly drip in extreme downpours. This fabric is both tightly woven and specially treated with a finish, such as a polyurethane backing. This woven and treated fabric construction causes the water to bead on the fabric's surface rather than permeate it. Over time, with UV exposure and washing, the water repellent finish can wear off.

Waterproof
Waterproof fabric is designed to keep the area under the fabric dry even in the heaviest rains. Usually reinforced PVC, waterproof fabric is extremely tightly woven and nonporous. PVC fabric products are constructed with tightly sealed or welded seams.

Webbing
Webbing is a strong fabric woven into a flat strip or tube of varying width, often used in place of rope. 2 types of webbing are commonly used:

  • Sewn Webbing: Typically constructed from polyester, this type of webbing is sewn to the fabric or hardware. Sewn stitches create puncture holes in the webbing and fabrics, therefore creating potential leak issues if not treated with a water proofer.
  • Weldable or Heat Sealable webbing: Constructed from a woven polyester base and then coated with PVC to allow the webbing to be hot air or high frequency welded to the fabric's surface. Heat sealed webbing eliminates all stitching or puncture holes in the fabrics, therefore preventing moisture intrusion / leakage on waterproof fabrics.

 

Weight
Approximate total system weight. Weights will vary depending on options and accessories added.

Welded Seam
A thermally sealed fabric seam using hot-air, hot-wedge, or RF (radio frequency) welding processes that form a water tight bond. Also referred to as a heat weld, heat seal, or seal.

West Coast Style Frame
A general term used to describe a universal frame tent system. West Coast Style fittings and poles are interchangeable with other traditional frame tents from most major tent manufacturers.
See Celina West Coast Style Frame Tent - Tubing & Fitting Overview

Width
The measurement of the tent, canopy, structure, or shelter from side to side. Generally this is the 'short side' and it is not expandable. See length.

Wind Whip
Damage caused by un-tensioned fabric flapping in the wind. After time, a vinyl-coated fabric will become fatigued and flake off, exposing the scrim. To reduce the effects of wind whip, tension the fabric evenly to eliminate unnecessary movement. Wind Whip should not be confused with Cold Crack, even though the damage to the fabric looks similar. Below is an example of what a piece of fabric looks like that has been damaged by wind whip.